Dynasty is partly contemporary with both the XXII and the XXIII Dynasties.
Ruling from Sais in the western Delta, its first king, Tefnakht, originally had
some success expanding his authority into northern Upper Egypt, but was
eventually repulsed by the invading Kushite kings of the XXV Dynasty.
It may be noteworthy that both kings of this dynasty used Throne names that
harked back to ancient ancestors. Tefnakht called himself The noble one
belong- ing to Re (Spss ra),
recalling Shepseskare of the V Dynasty, who was the Dual King, The
noble one belonging to the ka of Re (Spss kA ra).
Similarly, Bakenrenef (Bokchoris) was the Enduring one belonging to the ka
of Re, (wAH kA ra),
using the same throne name as the X Dynasty’s Wahkare Khety V. To view the transcription of kings titulary properly, please
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wr aA (n) m(SwS) xawti wr aA n
lbiw tAy.f-nxtw , wr n imntt xAi-a wr n nTrt tA(y).f-nxtw
tA(y).f-nxtw , tAy[.f]-nxtw
Shepsesre(Noble Like Re)
of Sais in years 740-727 BC. During a few years he succeeded to unify
almost all nomes of the Delta, thus he became more powerful ruler than
any o the XXII and XXIII dynasties kings. He headed the coalition of
princes of Delta (Osorkon IV,
Iuput II, Sheshonq V) and attacked
Hermopolis remaining under Nimlot (4) rule,
with whom he finally made alliance. After failed to conquer Thebaida
he escaped from
Piankhi and found refuge in swamps of Nile delta.
He adopted royal title in 727 BC after compelling Kushites to retreat
and subsequently he consolidated his rule after Piankchi’s retreat to
of Tefnakht. Greeks (Diodorus) named him as a gifted lawgiver, although
not much is known concerning his economic and administrative activity.
He negotiated with Assirians against Kushites. In
Manetho’s opinion he was taken captive by
Shabaka and burnt at the stake.
pA-di-anti , pA-dinmti (?)
at Asyut in opposition to other rulers of this dynasty. The king is
disclosed by inscription in mortuary papyrus of dynasty XXV.